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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: Children do not overcome lexical biases where adults do: the role of the referential scene in garden-path recovery
Author: Evan Kidd
Institution: University of Manchester
Author: Andrew J. Stewart
Institution: University of Manchester
Author: Ludovica Serratrice
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://www.psych-sci.manchester.ac.uk/staff/ludovicaserratrice
Institution: University of Manchester
Linguistic Field: Psycholinguistics
Abstract: In this paper we report on a visual world eye-tracking experiment that investigated the differing abilities of adults and children to use referential scene information during reanalysis to overcome lexical biases during sentence processing. The results showed that adults incorporated aspects of the referential scene into their parse as soon as it became apparent that a test sentence was syntactically ambiguous, suggesting they considered the two alternative analyses in parallel. In contrast, the children appeared not to reanalyze their initial analysis, even over shorter distances than have been investigated in prior research. We argue that this reflects the children's over-reliance on bottom-up, lexical cues to interpretation. The implications for the development of parsing routines are discussed.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 38, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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