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Academic Paper


Title: Who speaks what to whom? Multilingualism and language choice in Misión La Paz
Author: Lyle Campbell
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Hawai'i at Mānoa
Author: Verónica Grondona
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Eastern Michigan University
Linguistic Field: Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Chorote, Iyo'wujwa
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja
Nivaclé
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay
Wichí Lhamtés Nocten
Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz
Abstract: The multilingualism and patterns of language use in Misión La Paz, Salta Province, Argentina are described and analyzed. Three indigenous languages, Chorote, Nivaclé, and Wichí, are spoken here, but interlocutors in conversations usually do not speak the same language to one another. There is extensive linguistic exogamy, and husbands and wives typically speak different languages to one another. Individuals identify with one language, speak it to all others, and claim only to understand but not to speak the other languages spoken to them. Children in the same family very often identify with and thus speak different languages from one another. This situation is examined and explanations are offered, with comparisons to similar situations elsewhere. The pattern of language choice and multilingual use in this case is arguably unique, with implications for several general claims about language contact and multilingualism.

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This article appears IN Language in Society Vol. 39, Issue 5, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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