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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: Two-year-old phonology: impact of input, motor and cognitive abilities on development
Author: Barbara Dodd
Institution: The University of Queensland
Author: Beth McIntosh
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Phonology
Abstract: Previous research has rarely compared the contributions of different underlying abilities to phonological acquisition. In this study, the auditory-visual speech perception, oro-motor and rule abstraction skills of 62 typically developing two-year olds were assessed and contrasted with the accuracy of their spoken phonology. Measures included auditory-visual speech perception, production of isolated and sequenced oro-motor movements, and verbal and non-verbal rule abstraction. Abilities in all three domains contributed to phonological acquisition. However, the use of atypical phonological rules was associated with lower levels of phonological accuracy and a linear regression indicated that this measure of rule abstraction had greater explanatory power than the measures of input processing and output skill.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 37, Issue 5, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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