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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: Seeing the harm in harmed and harmful: Morphological processing by children in Grades 4, 6, and 8
Author: D Hélène Deacon
Institution: Dalhousie University
Author: Emily Campbell
Institution: Dalhousie University
Author: Meredith Tamminga
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://www.meredithtamminga.com
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Author: John R Kirby
Institution: Queen's University
Linguistic Field: Morphology; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: This study examined morphological processing of inflected and derived words by children in Grades 4, 6, and 8. Participants were shown root forms and inflected, derived, and orthographic control items (e.g., harm, harmed, harmful, or harmony), followed by a fragment completion task (e.g., completing h a_ _). Participants were equally likely to complete the fragment with the target root (e.g., harm for h a_ _) following priming with inflected or derived forms. This reflected a morphological effect; priming scores were higher for the inflected and derived forms than for orthographic counterparts. These effects were consistent across the grades studied, suggesting that morphological processing of inflected and derived words has a similar time course across Grades 4, 6, and 8.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 31, Issue 4, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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