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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: A Radiographic Analysis of Constriction Locations for Vowels
Author: Sidney Wood
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://swphonetics.com
Institution: Lund University
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology
Subject Language: Arabic, Standard
English
Abstract: Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal constrictions. The tongue muscles are found to be admirably situated for creating constrictions at the four locations.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Journal of Phonetics 7: 25-43


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