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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Processing subject–verb agreement in a second language depends on proficiency
Author: Noriko Hoshino
Institution: Pennsylvania State University
Author: Paola E. Dussias
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Pennsylvania State University
Author: Judith F. Kroll
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Pennsylvania State University
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics; Syntax
Abstract: Subject–verb agreement is a computation that is often difficult to execute perfectly in the first language (L1) and even more difficult to produce skillfully in a second language (L2). In this study, we examine the way in which bilingual speakers complete sentence fragments in a manner that reflects access to both grammatical and conceptual number. In two experiments, we show that bilingual speakers are sensitive to both grammatical and conceptual number in the L1 and grammatical number agreement in the L2. However, only highly proficient bilinguals are also sensitive to conceptual number in the L2. The results suggest that the extent to which speakers are able to exploit conceptual information during speech planning depends on the level of language proficiency.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 13, Issue 2.

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