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Language Evolution: The Windows Approach

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Language Evolution: The Windows Approach addresses the question: "How can we unravel the evolution of language, given that there is no direct evidence about it?"


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Academic Paper


Title: The change that never happened: the story of oblique subjects
Author: Johanna Barodal
Institution: Lund University
Author: Thórhallur Eythórsson
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://fraedi.is/kvistur/hofundur.php?id=28
Institution: University of Manchester
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Abstract: This paper contributes to an ongoing debate on the syntactic status of oblique subject-like NPs in the 'impersonal' construction (of the type me-thinks) in Old Germanic. The debate is caused by the lack of canonical subject case marking in such NPs. It has been argued that these NPs are syntactic objects, but we provide evidence for their subject status, as in Modern Icelandic and Faroese. Thus, we argue that the syntactic status of the oblique subject-like NPs has not changed at all from object status to subject status, contra standard claims in the literature. Our evidence stems from Old Icelandic, but the analysis has implications for the other old Germanic languages as well. However, a change from non-canonical to canonical subject case marking ('Nominative Sickness') has affected all the Germanic languages to a varying degree.

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This article appears IN Journal of Linguistics Vol. 39, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .



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