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Latin: A Linguistic Introduction

By Renato Oniga and Norma Shifano

Applies the principles of contemporary linguistics to the study of Latin and provides clear explanations of grammatical rules alongside diagrams to illustrate complex structures.


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The Ancient Language, and the Dialect of Cornwall, with an Enlarged Glossary of Cornish Provincial Words

By Frederick W.P. Jago

Containing around 3,700 dialect words from both Cornish and English,, this glossary was published in 1882 by Frederick W. P. Jago (1817–92) in an effort to describe and preserve the dialect as it too declined and it is an invaluable record of a disappearing dialect and way of life.


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Linguistic Bibliography for the Year 2013

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Academic Paper


Title: Ukranian and Slavic Word "Plemya" Correlations
Author: Ivan I. Petryshyn
Email: click here to access email
Linguistic Field: Phonology; Typology
Subject Language Family: Indo-European; Slavic Subgroup
Abstract: The Ukrainian and Russian word " 'plem"ya"/" 'pliemya" has very interesting phonological correlations in other languages that reveal the sense and the anthropological meaning of the morpheme. Let us only resort to the Ukrainian word " 'plomin' " / flame/ and the Russian word /L/" 'plamya" that has its Latin counterpart " 'flamma". The English word "fire" , the German word "Feuer" find its correspondences in the Romance Languages - "fuoco" /Italian/ with the stem "fuoc- foc-, fueg-" - the Spanish word "fuego". The Germanic same-sense words like "furnace" do confirm the similar origin of the word. Even the word "plague" comes from the same "fire" meaning a red burning wound. One cannot forget the Slavic words " 'khora/khor" (people/choir) either, that has a close correlation with the Latin "forum". /L//L/The Slavic " plam" = Romance "flam/fiam", like in the Italian "fiamma". The Ukrainian "plome'nity" prompts the English "flow" which is related to the Old Slavic/Russian "proistye'kat' ", namely, ' to "flow". It is beyond doubt that the "fire" and the "flow" have the very same sense - to come from, to originate. So, the word "PLEMYA" has the meaning of to be originated from. /L//L/It is interesting to note that the English word "tribe" has been originated from the Latin word "tribus" (the division of the people) which by its phonetic correlation is close to the Ukrainian word "drobyty" ( to separate into pieces). The later derivatives "tribu' ", "tribut" are very close phonetically to the Slavic "trieba", "tryb" /in the meaning of a signal/sign/symbol/totem/ and is very close to the Polish word "trzyb" /way of life/. By irony, it re-echoes with the Ukrainian word "tryvaty" /to continue/ which has the possible meaning of the tribe's continuance. It is very symbolic that the Ukrainian language has a saying "rosty, yak trava" / to grow as fast as grass/ - one of the elements of which is the morpheme "trava" phonetically close to the word "tribu/s". Naturally, the TR consonant combination could have its counterpart as DR, and the intermediate B as V/F/L/Y'/ZH. Thus, the Ukrainian words "DRuZHyty" /make friends, come together, unite/, DRuZHyna" /a military unit having the same assignment//mission/. The Germanic "treiben" /to do/ with the meaning of "to work together"/,the Spanish word "trabajar" or the French "travailer",the Slavic word "tru'dytysya" (to toil) have the same sense of some cooperational unity functioning of the people. On the other hand, the German "Traube" /grape/ and the Latin word "trabes" (tree,trunk, beam), have the same sense of some unity/unification/duration or the origin which is closely connected with the sense of the "flow" in "plamya" . Let's not forget here the Ukrainian dialect word "TLUM" / crowd/ which has its phonological/lexical correspondence to the word "tribe": TR+V+b=TL+V+m./L//L/The Mythologies of the Germanic and the Slavic nations present several well-identified characters - "Thorn", "Thurn", "Dohr"/ "Doern" who are believed to be the ancient gods of the heavens' fire , the Thunder, and have its Slavic "partner" in the image of "Perun", "Pierun" or "Pern": /L/The Ukrainian or Russian "knyaz' " has its coded sense in the "reign", "rex/regis", "regere", "regno" and "dirigere" with the meaning ' to lead, to be the first". /L/The above-mentioned, allows us to state that the word " 'plemya" has its origin from the word "plamya"/ "fire" as the main uniting and life-giving artificially produced substance "o'chag"(Russian) or "furnace" (English). The meaning of a necessary leader of a tribe, " the first" correlates with the sense of the "caput" (head), very widely used in the languages even today.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed


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