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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

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Academic Paper


Title: Etymological and Phonetic Correspondences of the Word 'CHIEF'
Author: Ivan I. Petryshyn
Email: click here to access email
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science
Subject Language: English
Abstract: The etymology of the English word "chief" has its very interesting correspondences in other E-U Languages:/L/ E.: CHIEF /CHI:F//L/ IT.: CIUFFO /'CHYUF:O//L/ UKR.:ЧУБ /CHOUB//L/ ЧУBAT- /CHOU'V-ATY//L/ RUSS.:ЧУЯТь /'CHOUYAT'//L/ FR.: CHEVAL/SHE'VAL'//L/ GYPSY:CHAVALE./CHA'VALE//L/ IT.: CAVALLO /KA'VAL':O//L/ /L/ The most important regulations for the phonological 'doublets' for the word CHIEF revel the following regulations:/L/1. CH=SH/K;/L/2. I: = E/OU - the strong positioned A;/L/3. palatalization under the influence of I:, or iotizing YU; semi-palatalization/adaptive palatalization under the influence of E before the initial SH/ A before CH;/L/4. lack of palatalization after K+A;/L/5. F=B=V=Y(a)./L/ /L/The phonetic correspondences regulations of the above given examples stand the critics for the following reasons:/L/1/ the strict and consecutive correspondence of the following the CH/SH palatalization: I:, E, YU /iotizing/;/L/2/ OU preceeding B/V/Y;/L/3/ the absence of the palatalization in CH_V/K_V consonant interdepended chains, where the general shwa A is used;/L/4/ the interchangeability of F-V;/L/5/ the evolution of the K>SH>CH/L/ /L/A special attention is to be given to /L/*UKR: /DZYOB//L/*POL.: DZIO'B/L/* IT.: BECCO /'BEK:O//L/* EN.: BEAK /BI:K//L/Ivan Petryshyn
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress


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