Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

By Peter Mark Roget

This book "supplies a vocabulary of English words and idiomatic phrases 'arranged … according to the ideas which they express'. The thesaurus, continually expanded and updated, has always remained in print, but this reissued first edition shows the impressive breadth of Roget's own knowledge and interests."


New from Brill!

ad

The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek

By Franco Montanari

Coming soon: The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek by Franco Montanari is the most comprehensive dictionary for Ancient Greek to English for the 21st Century. Order your copy now!


Academic Paper


Title: Performance Accuracy Affected by Control Over Bilingual Language Production: A study of balanced L2 users
Author: Julia Festman
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Universität Potsdam
Author: Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells
Institution: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Author: Thomas F. Münte
Institution: Universität Magdeburg
Linguistic Field: Psycholinguistics
Abstract: Recent research suggests that bilinguals cope with non-target language interference by recruiting "executive function" brain areas. However, it remains unclear whether all bilinguals are able to prevent interference to the same extend. In this project, 30 bilingual speakers of Russian and German were tested in two language tasks: (1) In a picture-naming task, black-on-white line drawings of objects had to be named in a cued target language (Russian or German), which was changed on a regular schedule. (2) In a verbal fluency task, subjects were asked to produce unique words in one language belonging to a semantic category (e.g., animals, or clothing), or starting with a certain letter (e.g., S-). Participants were explicitly instructed to use only the target language, which was predefined by the experimenter. Occurrences of interference, defined as the involuntary use of the nontarget language during target language production, were considered as inaccurate performance due to failures of control with regard to the language, whereas substitution errors reflected inaccurate performance with regard to the content. In every task, between-subject differences were observed, which could be attributed to the/L/construct of language proficiency only partially. Therefore, we suggest a new notion of "speaker-type", which holds that speakers tend to be either more controlled in their language output, trying to use one language at the time, or less controlled, thus using more frequently both languages, i.e., producing more switches between the languages. Our results can only be explained by an underlying mechanism, due to which participants in the non-switcher group showed a processing advantage over the switcher group in particular for avoidance of errors of interference.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Van Daele, S., Housen, A., Kuiken, F., Pierrard, M., & Vedder, I. (eds), Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in Second Language Use, Learning & Teaching, Proceedings of the CAF-Symposium, 29-30 March 2007, Brussels, Belgium, 65-76.


Back
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page