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Language Evolution: The Windows Approach

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Academic Paper


Title: Linking Speech Errors and Phonological Grammars: Insights from Harmonic Grammar networks
Author: Matthew Goldrick
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/matt-goldrick/
Institution: Northwestern College
Author: Robert Daland
Institution: University of California, Los Angeles
Linguistic Field: Phonology; Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: Phonological grammars characterise distinctions between relatively well-formed (unmarked) and relatively ill-formed (marked) phonological structures. We review evidence that markedness influences speech-error probabilities. Specifically, although errors result in unmarked as well as marked structures, there is a markedness asymmetry: errors are more likely to produce unmarked outcomes. We show that stochastic disruption to the computational mechanisms realising a Harmonic Grammar (HG) can account for the broad empirical patterns of speech errors. We demonstrate that our proposal can account for the general markedness asymmetry. We also develop methods for linking particular HG proposals to speech-error distributions, and illustrate these methods using a simple HG and a set of initial consonant errors in English.

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This article appears IN Phonology Vol. 26, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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