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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

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Academic Paper


Title: Variable omission of ne in real-time French chat: A corpus-driven comparison of educational and non-educational contexts
Paper URL: http://utpjournals.metapress.com/content/k2gg081jgnu588tp/?p=bc57a2f897bb47c6821eba3c75ff2fbe&pi=3
Author: Rémi A van Compernolle
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.personal.psu.edu/rav137/
Institution: Carnegie Mellon University
Author: Lawrence Williams
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.forl.unt.edu/~lfw/
Institution: University of North Texas
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Sociolinguistics
Abstract: This article reports on the variable omission of the French negative particle ne (the first marker of verbal negation) in synchronous (i.e., real-time) electronic communication environments. Patterns of variation in a corpus of non-educational chat (i.e., free, public-access Internet chat) are analyzed and compared to data produced by first-, second-, and third-year American university students of French in an educational setting. First- and second-year students retained ne nearly categorically; third-year students used ne five times more often than participants in the non-educational context. Considerable inter-individual variation was observed in the third-year student data, although only one student exhibited native-like patterns of variation. The results are discussed within the broader context of teaching and learning sociolinguistic variation in French as a second or foreign language, with a specific focus on using authentic electronic discourse as one way of sensitizing students to sociolinguistic variation.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: Canadian Modern Language Review, 65(3), 413-440
URL: http://utpjournals.metapress.com/content/k2gg081jgnu588tp/?p=bc57a2f897bb47c6821eba3c75ff2fbe&pi=3


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