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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

By Richard Kern

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Academic Paper


Title: Preschoolers' word mapping: The interplay between labelling context and specificity of speaker information
Author: Elizabeth S. Nilsen
Institution: University of Waterloo
Author: Susan A. Graham
Institution: University of Calgary
Author: Tamara Pettigrew
Institution: Concordia University
Linguistic Field: Psycholinguistics
Abstract: We assessed the effect of specificity of speaker information about an object on three-year-olds' word mappings. When children heard a novel label followed by specific information about an object at exposure, children subsequently mapped the label to that object at test. When children heard only specific information about an object at exposure, they inferred that the label applied to a different object at test. Finally, non-specific information did not assist children in mapping a word to an object. Thus, children use speaker information as a word-mapping cue but this information is interpreted differently depending on how the discourse is initiated.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 36, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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