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How Traditions Live and Die

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The Acquisition of Heritage Languages

By Silvina Montrul

"This work centres on the grammatical development of the heritage language and the language learning trajectory of heritage speakers, synthesizing recent experimental research."


Academic Paper


Title: Effects on L1 during early acquisition of L2: Speech changes in Spanish at first English contact
Author: Christina E. Gildersleeve-Neumann
Institution: Portland State University
Author: Elizabeth D. Peña
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Author: Barbara L. Davis
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Author: Ellen S. Kester
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Language Acquisition; Phonology
Subject Language: English
Spanish
Abstract: Spanish phonological development was examined in six sequential bilingual children at the point of contact with English and eight months later. We explored effects of the English vowel and consonant inventory on Spanish. Children showed a significant increase in consonant cluster accuracy and in vowel errors. These emerging sequential bilingual children showed effects of English on their first language, Spanish. Cross-linguistic transfer did not affect all properties of the phonology equally. Negative transfer may occur in specific areas where the second language is more complex, requiring reorganization of the existing system, as in the transition from the Spanish five-vowel to the English eleven-vowel system.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 12, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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