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May I Quote You on That?

By Stephen Spector

A guide to English grammar and usage for the twenty-first century, pairing grammar rules with interesting and humorous quotations from American popular culture.

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The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages

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Academic Paper

Title: Effects on L1 during early acquisition of L2: Speech changes in Spanish at first English contact
Author: Christina E. Gildersleeve-Neumann
Institution: Portland State University
Author: Elizabeth D. Peña
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Author: Barbara L. Davis
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Author: Ellen S. Kester
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Language Acquisition; Phonology
Subject Language: English
Abstract: Spanish phonological development was examined in six sequential bilingual children at the point of contact with English and eight months later. We explored effects of the English vowel and consonant inventory on Spanish. Children showed a significant increase in consonant cluster accuracy and in vowel errors. These emerging sequential bilingual children showed effects of English on their first language, Spanish. Cross-linguistic transfer did not affect all properties of the phonology equally. Negative transfer may occur in specific areas where the second language is more complex, requiring reorganization of the existing system, as in the transition from the Spanish five-vowel to the English eleven-vowel system.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 12, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .

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