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The Vulgar Tongue: Green's History of Slang

By Jonathon Green

A comprehensive history of slang in the English speaking world by its leading lexicographer.


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The Universal Structure of Categories: Towards a Formal Typology

By Martina Wiltschko

This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.


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Academic Paper


Title: Are Clefts Contagious in Conversation?
Paper URL: http://www.calude.net/andreea/ELL_2009paper.pdf
Author: Andreea Simona Calude
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.calude.net/andreea/andreea.html
Institution: University of Reading
Author: Steven Miller
Institution: Trinity College Dublin
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: It is well known that conversationalists often imitate their own body language as a sign of closeness and empathy. This study shows that in spontaneous, unplanned conversation, speakers go as far as emulating each other's grammar. The use of a family of focusing constructions (namely, the cleft), such as 'it was my mother who rang the other day', or 'what I meant to say was that he should go Thursday', was investigated in a corpus of conversation excerpts in New Zealand English. Findings show that clefting is contagious. In other words, if one speaker uses a cleft, others will be likely to do so too.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: English Language and Linguistics. 13: 127-132.
URL: http://www.calude.net/andreea/ELL_2009paper.pdf


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