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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: From phonetics to phonology: The emergence of first words in Italian
Author: Tamar Keren-Portnoy
Institution: University of York
Author: Marinella Majorano
Institution: Università degli Studi di Verona
Author: Marilyn May Vihman
Institution: University of York
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology; General Linguistics
Subject Language: Italian
Abstract: This study assesses the extent of phonetic continuity between babble and words in four Italian children followed longitudinally from 0 ; 9 or 0 ; 10 to 2 ; 0 – two with relatively rapid and two with slower lexical growth. Prelinguistic phonetic characteristics, including both (a) consistent use of specific consonants and (b) age of onset and extent of consonant variegation in babble, are found to predict rate of lexical advance and to relate to the form of the early words. In addition, each child's lexical profile is analyzed to test the hypothesis of non-linearity in phonological development. All of the children show the expected pattern of phonological advance: Relatively accurate first word production is followed by lexical expansion, characterized by a decrease in accuracy and an increase of similarity between word forms. We interpret such a profile as reflecting the emergence of word templates, a first step in phonological organization.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 36, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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