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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Word and pseudoword superiority effects in Italian–English bilinguals
Author: Giordana Grossi
Institution: State University of New York at New Paltz
Author: Jeremy Murphy
Institution: State University of New York at New Paltz
Author: Josh Boggan
Institution: State University of New York at New Paltz
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science
Abstract: Two indices of automatic orthographic processing, the word and pseudoword superiority effects, were explored in native Italian speakers familiar with English (late learners) and native English-speaking controls unfamiliar with Italian. Participants performed a forced-choice letter identification task with five categories of words: Italian words and pseudowords, English words and pseudowords, and nonwords. Native Italian speakers showed superiority effects for both languages, whereas English-speaking controls showed superiority effects only for English. These results suggest that orthographic processing can become automatic with extensive training in late bilinguals.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 12, Issue 1.

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