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May I Quote You on That?

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A guide to English grammar and usage for the twenty-first century, pairing grammar rules with interesting and humorous quotations from American popular culture.

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Academic Paper

Title: The use of voice onset time by early bilinguals to distinguish homorganic stops in Canadian English and Canadian French
Author: Andrea A. N. Macleod
Institution: University of Washington
Author: Carol Stoel-Gammon
Institution: University of Washington
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Phonology; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine the extent to which bilingual speakers maintain language-specific phonological contrasts for homorganic stops when a cue is shared across both languages. To this end, voice onset time (VOT) was investigated in three groups of participants: early bilinguals speakers of Canadian French and Canadian English ( = 8), monolingual speakers of Canadian English ( = 8), and monolingual speakers of Canadian French ( = 7). Three questions were targeted: What are the general patterns of VOT production in bilingual and monolinguals? Do bilingual speakers produce different mean VOT than monolinguals? Do bilingual speakers produce different variability in VOT than monolinguals? Acoustic measurements of VOT were made from monosyllabic English and French words with word-initial bilabial or coronal stop consonants. The results indicate that the early bilingual speakers maintain monolingual-like phonemic contrasts, but that they exhibit more variation within categories than monolingual speakers.


This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 30, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .

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