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Academic Paper


Title: Language and Dementia: Neuropsychological Aspects
Author: Daniel Kempler
Institution: University of Southern California
Author: Mira Goral
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Boston University
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Neurolinguistics; Psycholinguistics; Semantics
Abstract: This article reviews recent evidence for the relationship between extralinguistic cognitive and language abilities in dementia. A survey of data from investigations of three dementia syndromes (Alzheimer's disease, semantic dementia and progressive nonfluent aphasia) reveals that, more often than not, deterioration of conceptual organization appears associated with lexical impairments, whereas impairments in executive function are associated with sentence- and discourse-level deficits. These connections between extralinguistic functions and language ability also emerge from the literature on cognitive reserve and bilingualism that investigates factors that delay the onset and possibly the progression of neuropsychological manifestation of dementia.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Annual Review of Applied Linguistics Vol. 28, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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