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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: On the Effect of disciplinary variation on transitivity: The case of academic book reviews
Paper URL: http://asian-efl-journal.com
Author: Esmat Babaii
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University for Teacher Education
Author: Hasan Ansary
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Islamic Azad University, Qazvin
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: English
English
Abstract: The purpose of this study was twofold. First, an attempt was made to/L/systematically characterize Book Reviews (BRs) as an academic written genre in terms of the elements of transitivity system. Secondly, the effect of disciplinary/L/variation on the lexico-grammatical features of this genre was explored. To this end, a/L/corpus of 90 academic BRs from discipline-related professional journals (physics,/L/sociology, and literature) were randomly selected and analyzed. Significant differences were observed in terms of both the type and frequency of processes and/L/participants. This, it seems, points to a difference in the semantic configuration of BRs/L/peculiar to each discipline, although they all seem to fulfill a similar communicative purpose— evaluating knowledge production in the academic milieu. To be more specific, the observed features indicate that BRs in physics journals, as compared to their/L/counterparts in sociology and literature journals, appear to carry a higher/L/percentage of passive construction, non-human concrete participants, and of/L/relational and existential processes, together with a lower percentage/L/of specific human participants; hence, leading to texts heavily laden with grammatical/L/metaphor and impersonality.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
URL: http://asian-efl-journal.com


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