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A comprehensive history of slang in the English speaking world by its leading lexicographer.


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Academic Paper


Title: Social Variation in Intensifier Use: Constraint on -ly adverbialization in the past?
Author: Terttu Nevalainen
Institution: University of Helsinki
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: While the formation of deadjectival adjuncts by means of -ly suffixation is regular in the mainstream varieties of English today (they sing Adj-ly), that of intensifying word modifiers is much less so (they sing Adj-ly/Ø well). Both categories are typically more variable in many social and regional varieties, in which zero-form adverbs dominate. This article studies the extent to which grammatical and social conditioning played a role in the choice of the form of deadjectival intensifiers between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries, before the era of normative grammar. The results indicate that some of the trends of social embedding identified in Present-day English can indeed be observed in the past, but also that the -ly suffix was clearly less grammaticalized four hundred years ago than it is today.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in English Language and Linguistics Vol. 12, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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