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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

By Richard Kern

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Academic Paper


Title: Redirective labels and early vocabulary development
Author: Priya Mariana Shimpi
Institution: Mills College
Author: Janellen Huttenlocher
Institution: University of Chicago
Linguistic Field: Discourse Analysis; Language Acquisition
Abstract: Parents' object labels can be distinguished by whether the child is already attending to the object (follow-in) or not (lead-in). Lead-in labels have been found to be associated with low vocabulary. The current study examines whether the relation between lead-in labels and child vocabulary is influenced by whether the child's attention is redirected. Eighteen mother–infant dyads were videotaped at 1;2, 1;6 and 1;10. Results indicate that parents' use of successful lead-in labels is positively correlated with children's vocabulary, whereas use of unsuccessful labels is negatively correlated. Finally, use of gesture is associated with the redirective success of lead-in labels.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 34, Issue 4, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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