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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Free access to several Brill linguistics journals, such as Journal of Jewish Languages, Language Dynamics and Change, and Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics.


Academic Paper


Title: Chinese Named Entity Recognition Using Lexicalized HMMs
Author: Guohong Fu
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Heilongjiang University
Linguistic Field: Computational Linguistics
Abstract: This paper presents a lexicalized HMM-based approach to Chinese named entity recognition (NER). To tackle the problem of unknown words, we unify unknown word identification and NER as a single tagging task on a sequence of known words. To do this, we first employ a known-word bigram-based model to segment a sentence into a sequence of known words, and then apply the uniformly lexicalized HMMs to assign each known word a proper hybrid tag that indicates its pattern in forming an entity and the category of the formed entity. Our system is able to integrate both the internal formation patterns and the surrounding contextual clues for NER under the framework of HMMs. As a result, the performance of the system can be improved without losing its efficiency in training and tagging. We have tested our system using different public corpora. The results show that lexicalized HMMs can substantially improve NER performance over standard HMMs. The results also indicate that character-based tagging (viz. the tagging based on pure single-character words) is comparable to and can even outperform the relevant known-word based tagging when a lexicalization technique is applied.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress


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