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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Social factors in childhood bilingualism in the United States
Author: Barbara Zurer Pearson
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics
Abstract: A number of studies have shown that approximately one-quarter of children in potentially bilingual environments do not become bilingual. This article explores several key factors that influence the likelihood that a child who has access to interactions in two languages will learn them both. The five factors discussed are input, language status, access to literacy, family language use, and community support, including schooling. It is argued that the quantity of input has the greatest effect on whether a minority language will be learned, but language status and attitudes about language also play a role. When families are proactive and provide daily activities for children in the minority language, the children respond by learning it. In addition, dual-immersion, "two-way" schooling is shown to benefit children's level of language proficiency in the minority language without diminishing their progress in the community language.


This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 28, Issue 3.

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