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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: On Different Types of Output and the Elicitation of Optimal Output
Author: Niu Qiang
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Wisconsin Madison
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: By differentiating among four different types of output, the paper sees their roles are also different. And learners of different language proficiency should be guided to produce different types of output. Thus the paper introduces a new concept, namely 'optimal output'. Blindly making the learner produce output which is far beyond his current English level will only do harm to his interlanguage development, making it fossilize at an earlier stage.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Teaching English in China. Vol.24. No. 1. Jan. 2001.
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