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Raciolinguistics

Edited by H. Samy Alim, John R. Rickford, and Arnetha F. Ball

Raciolinguistics "Brings together a critical mass of scholars to form a new field dedicated to theorizing and analyzing language and race together."


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Sociolinguistics from the Periphery

By Sari Pietikäinen, FinlandAlexandra Jaffe, Long BeachHelen Kelly-Holmes, and Nikolas Coupland

Sociolinguistics from the Periphery "presents a fascinating book about change: shifting political, economic and cultural conditions; ephemeral, sometimes even seasonal, multilingualism; and altered imaginaries for minority and indigenous languages and their users."


Academic Paper


Title: On Different Types of Output and the Elicitation of Optimal Output
Author: Niu Qiang
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Wisconsin Madison
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: By differentiating among four different types of output, the paper sees their roles are also different. And learners of different language proficiency should be guided to produce different types of output. Thus the paper introduces a new concept, namely 'optimal output'. Blindly making the learner produce output which is far beyond his current English level will only do harm to his interlanguage development, making it fossilize at an earlier stage.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Teaching English in China. Vol.24. No. 1. Jan. 2001.
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