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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Process or Product: An explorative/comparative study of ESL/EFL writing behaviors
Author: Ismail Baroudy
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Shahid Chamran University
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Discourse Analysis; Language Acquisition
Abstract: Due to disenchantment and disillusionment experienced with product writing, a paradigm shift in the writing pedagogy all of a sudden entreated the attentions to focus on process writing. Despite a historic event as such, the L1 or L2 writing classrooms are reported to have been invariably conducted in the absence of process activities or procedures. Unluckily, student writers are still noticed to have been debilitated with a deflecting product advocacy. This is found to be evidently due to serious lack or loss of awareness among the writing teachers about how those innovative process requirements can be practically met in classroom settings. Accordingly, this study chose to mainly capitalize on Bosco and Dipietro (1970) as well as Krashen and Seligers’ (1975) conceptual analysis of methods manifested as sets of universal features. In fact, based on these features, all methods and approaches in second or foreign language teaching are consistently described, analyzed and compared. Those features, if technically extrapolated to the skill of writing, are seen to intelligently provide a contrastive analysis of process and product writing schemes, as well; thus, promoting writing teachers awareness to practically help their student writers readily actualize the new enterprise. A comparative study as such is expected to categorically specify adequate amount of contrastive clues and details about the process and product trends of writing to provoke successful implications for instructional and pedagogical purposes.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
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