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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: Non-Projecting Words
Subtitle: A Case Study of Swedish Particles
Written By: Ida Toivonen
Series Title: Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 58

Focusing primarily on Swedish, a Germanic language whose particles have not
previously been studied extensively, Non-Projecting Words: A Case Study on
Swedish Particles develops a theory of non-projecting words in which
particles are morphologically independent words that do not project phrases.

Particles have long constituted a puzzle for Germanic syntax, as they
exhibit properties of both morphological and syntactic constructs. Although
non-projecting words have appeared in the literature before, it has gone
largely unnoticed that such structures violate the basic tenets of X-bar
theory. This work identifies these violations and develops a formally
explicit revision of X-bar theory that can accommodate the requisite "weak"

The resulting theory, stated in terms of Lexical-Functional Grammar, also
yields a novel classification of clitics, and it sheds new light on a range
of recent theoretical proposals, including economy, multi-word
constructions, and the primitives of lexical semantics. At an abstract
level, we see that the modular, parallel-projection architecture of LFG is
essential to the description of a variety of otherwise recalcitrant facts
about non-projecting words.

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: Kluwer
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Syntax
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 1402015313
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 256
Prices: AUS $ EUR 97.00
AUS $ USD 107.00
AUS $ GBP 67.00

Format: Paperback
ISBN: 1402015321
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 256
Prices: AUS $ EUR 47.00
AUS $ USD 52.00
AUS $ GBP 32.00