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New from Oxford University Press!


It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: Deriving Economy: Syncope in Optimality Theory
Written By: Maria Gouskova

The Graduate Linguistics Student Association (GLSA) at the University of
Massachusetts, Amherst, announces the publication of a new dissertation:

The dissertation argues that markedness is lenient and relative: a form is marked only if there is another form that is unmarked. No constraints ban structure for the sake of banning structure; there are formal limits on the content of CON. The central consequence of this view is that economy constraints are excluded on principle; economy effects must instead follow from the interaction of independently motivated constraints.

While a range of economy effects is discussed, the empirical focus is on syncope. Case studies investigate syncope in Hopi, Tonkawa,
Lillooet, Lushootseed, and Lebanese and Mekkan Arabic. Deleting vowels satisfies a range of markedness constraints; moreover, the same constraints that can be satisfied by syncope can also be satisfied by other processes that may not involve removal of structure. The standard "delete-where-you-can" view of syncope is argued to be inadequate; furthermore, economy constraints can actually be harmful if admitted into the grammar.

Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Graduate Linguistic Students' Association, Umass
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
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Format: CD
ISBN-13: N/A
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