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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics

By Asya Pereltsvaig and Martin W. Lewis

This book "asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology" and "defends traditional practices in historical linguistics while remaining open to new techniques, including computational methods" and "will appeal to readers interested in world history and world geography."


Book Information

   

Title: Deriving Economy: Syncope in Optimality Theory
Written By: Maria Gouskova
URL: http://server102.hypermart.net/glsa/index.htm
Description:

The Graduate Linguistics Student Association (GLSA) at the University of
Massachusetts, Amherst, announces the publication of a new dissertation:

The dissertation argues that markedness is lenient and relative: a form is marked only if there is another form that is unmarked. No constraints ban structure for the sake of banning structure; there are formal limits on the content of CON. The central consequence of this view is that economy constraints are excluded on principle; economy effects must instead follow from the interaction of independently motivated constraints.

While a range of economy effects is discussed, the empirical focus is on syncope. Case studies investigate syncope in Hopi, Tonkawa,
Lillooet, Lushootseed, and Lebanese and Mekkan Arabic. Deleting vowels satisfies a range of markedness constraints; moreover, the same constraints that can be satisfied by syncope can also be satisfied by other processes that may not involve removal of structure. The standard "delete-where-you-can" view of syncope is argued to be inadequate; furthermore, economy constraints can actually be harmful if admitted into the grammar.

Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Graduate Linguistic Students' Association, Umass
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

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Format: CD
ISBN: NA
ISBN-13: N/A
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