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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution

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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'

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Book Information


Title: Ellipsis and Reference Tracking in Japanese
Written By: Shigeko Nariyama
Series Title: Studies in Language Companion Series 66

In many East Asian languages, despite the prevalent occurrence of implicit reference, reference management is largely achieved without recourse to familiar agreement features. For this reason, recovering ellipted reference has been a perplexing problem in the analysis of these languages.
This book elucidates the linguistic mechanisms for ellipsis resolution in Japanese, mechanisms which involve complex processes of inference that integrate grammatical, sociolinguistic, and discourse considerations with real world knowledge. These processes are realised in an integrated algorithm, the validity of which is tested against naturally-occurring written texts.
This book also builds connections between theoretical linguistics and practical applications. The findings not only have theoretical implications for identifying crucial factors in the linguistic encoding of implicitly expressed information, factors which are very different from those found in European languages, but also offer practical applications, particularly for the design of machine translation systems and for learners of Japanese.

Table of contents

Preface ix
Note on the examples xii
Abbreviations xiii
List of figures xiv
List of tables xv
Part 1. Japanese and argument ellipsis
1. Introduction 3–39
2. Various approaches to anaphora 41–95
Part 2. Linguistic devices
3. Predicate devices: Argument-inferring morphemes 99–173
4. Sentence devices I: The principle of direct alignment 175–228
5. Sentence devices II: The principles of argument ellipsis 229–265
6. Discourse devices: Ellipsis as the unmarked representation of sameness 267–290
Part 3. The process of referent identification
7. Algorithm 293–353
Epilogue 355–356
Appendices 357–365
Notes 366–383
References 385–394
Index 395–397

Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: John Benjamins
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
Subject Language(s): Japanese
Language Family(ies): Altaic
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 1588114201
ISBN-13: 9781588114204
Pages: xvi, 400 pp.
Prices: U.S. $ 169
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9027230765
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: xvi, 400 pp.
Prices: EUR 125.00