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Title: De la Morphosyntaxe à la Sémantique des Présentatifs en Français Contemporain
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in French Linguistics 02

Cette dernière décennie, une kyrielle de travaux de linguistique portant sur le lexique ont insisté sur l’appropriation et la dynamique du français en francophonie. Dans cette optique, la présente étude des présentatifs (c’est, il y a, il est, voici, voilà), qui ne reprend pas une autre, contribue à mettre en relief la flexibilité de la morphosyntaxe du français. Cela à travers une réelle appropriation de la langue-cible par une population francophone précise ; d’où l’exploration de la prose romanesque du classique africain Mongo Beti.

Cette étude d’une classe syntaxique nouvelle et très peu explorée est élaborée sur les principes du distributionnalisme. La tendance qui a prévalu ici, c’est celle d’Einar Haugen qui préconise une double étude (interne et externe) de la langue. Elle prend nécessairement en compte non seulement les constructions (morphosyntaxiques), mais aussi les questions d’énonciation qui entourent l’usage des présentatifs et dont l’incidence sémantique (et pragmatique) est considérable.

Cette option permet d’évoluer de la micro-syntaxe (phrastique) à la macro-syntaxe (supra phrastique), pour percevoir les présentatifs comme d’importants jalons séquentialisants du discours. Il s’ensuit la nécessité d’une articulation harmonieuse du linguistique et du littéraire, d’une part, de l’oral et de l’écrit, d’autre part ; à ce moment où l’oralisation de la langue française s’accélère.

In the last decade, many studies in the area of linguistics relating to lexis have focused on the appropriation and dynamism of the French Language in the francophone world. In this connection, the present study on “présentatifs” (c’est, il y a, il est, voici, voilà) a study that has not yet been so systematically and profoundly done, contributes in showing the flexibility of the morphology and syntax of the French Language. The study permits a real appropriation of a target language by a given francophone community ; hence, the exploration of the aesthetics of the works of Mongo Beti that have become a classic in African writing.

This study of a new category of syntax that has not been adequately explored is elaborated on the principle of distributionalism. The study is informed by the postulations of Einar Haugen which stipulate a dual study (intrinsic and extrinsic) of language. It therefore takes into consideration not only morpho-syntatic constructs but especially issues on enunciation that relates to the use of “présentatifs” and whose semantic and pragmatic consequences are of great importance.

This orientation therefore, allows us to evolve from phraseological micro-syntax to supra-phraseological macro-syntax in order to enhance the perception of “présentatifs” as important mile stones that indicates a division of discourse. It follows, therefore, that one can discern the need for a harmonious articulation of the linguistic and the literary, on the one hand, and of the oral and the written on the other ; in the situation where the orality of the French Language is accelerated. (also see the LINCOM webshop:

Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics
French Linguistics
Subject Language(s): French
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: ISBN3895867314
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 650
Prices: EUR 74