This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.
First published in 1913, this book was originally intended as a manual for students in Scottish training colleges and for teachers of English in Scottish schools. Grant supplies passages from well-known literature translated into the phonetic alphabet for both the declamatory and conversational styles. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of phonetics and the presentation of Scottish accents to an English audience.
Preface; Values of phonetic symbols; Part I. Phonetics: 1. Phonetics and phonetic transcriptions; 2. The organs of speech; 3. Classification of sounds; 4. Plosive consonants; 5. Liquid consonants; 6. Fricative consonants; 7. The vowels; 8. Nasalization and inversion; 9. The breath group; 10. Sounds in the breath group; 11. Syllables; 12. Assimilation; 13. Stress; 14. Quantity; 15. Intonation; Part II. Phonetic Transcriptions: 1. Standard pronunciation. A. Declamatory style; 2. Standard pronunciation. B. Careful conversational style; 3. Standard pronunciation. C. Rapid conversational style; 4. Scotch dialect; Part III. Questions and Exercises; Appendix 1. Ordinary spelling of the pieces transcribed in Part II; Appendix 2. Summary of differences of pronunciation between standard Scottish and Southern English; Appendix 3. Points to be remembered by teachers of reading; Index of words referred to.