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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Title: Dictionaries and Language Learners
Written By: Philippe Humblé
Description:

This book deals with the problem of foreign language lexicography. It is concerned with the lack of adequacy between, on the one hand, current reference works and, on the other, the learners' needs. These needs have been insufficiently investigated and this book suggests that the lack of substantial results in the area is due to a flawed research methodology. It is suggested that a qualitative type of research, instead of a quantitative one, should yield better results. A sample of this kind of qualitative analysis, carried out on dictionary examples, bears out that dictionaries would gain with a separation of the encoding and decoding parts. This had already been suggested by a few researchers in the past, but only at a theoretical level. A series of practical consequences of this separation are then considered and, as a result, recommendations are formulated for the compiling of dictionaries in the future. These recommendations are intended mainly to improve the encoding part of the dictionary.

Table of Contents

Introduction 15
CHAPTER 1 Dictionaries, History And Learners' Needs 29
1. The History of Dictionaries 29
2. Learner's Dictionaries 33
3. Bilingual Dictionaries 36
4. Bilingualised Dictionaries 37
5. The Longman Language Activator 38
CHAPTER 2 Review Of Litterature 41
1. Dictionary Use and Users 'uestionnaires and Experiments 41
1. uestionnaires 42
2. Criticism of uestionnaires 43
3. Controlled Experiments 45
4. Atkins and Varantola 46
5. Hilary Nesi's Research on Examples 48
2. Dictionaries and Computers 50
3. The Need for a New Kind of Research 53
CHAPTER 3 Examples: The Core Of Foreign Language Lexicography 55
1. General Considerations 55
1. The Research on Examples 55
2. Types of Examples 58
3. The Function of Examples 61
4. Examples for Decoding and Examples for Encoding 61
2. Examples in Learner's Dictionaries. The Problem of Collocation and
Syntax. 62
1. Classification 62
2. Decoding 63
3. Encoding 65
4. Requirements for examples 69
3. Cobuild and Authentic vs. Made-Up Examples 78
1. The Defence of 'Authentic Language' 79
2. Criticisms of Cobuild and the Authentic Examples Policy 80
3. Corpora 81
4. The Didactic Point of View 81
4. Examples in Bilingual Dictionaries. 84
1. The Examples for Road in Collins Spanish-English 86
2. The Examples for Road in Oxford-Hachette 93
CHAPTER 4 An Integrated Approach To Foreign Language Lexicography 97
1. Decoding 100
1. Morphology and Multi-Word Items 103
2. Idioms and Collocations 104
3. Polysemy 106
4. Including the Context: Two Experiments. 114
2. Encoding 123
1. Introduction 124
2. Encoding for Beginners 124
3. Polysemy 106
4. Including the Context: Two Experiments. 114
2. Encoding 123
1. Introduction 124
2. Encoding for Beginners 124
3. Encoding for Advanced Learners 131
Concluding Remarks 161
Glossary 165
Appendixes 170
Bibliography 189

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher: Haag und Herchen
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics
Lexicography
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3898461106
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 211
Prices: EURO 23.10