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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: The Pragmatics of Requests and Apologies
Subtitle: Developmental patterns of Mexican students
Written By: Elizabeth Flores Salgado
Series Title: Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 212

The purpose of this research is to analyse the pragmatic development of
language groups at different proficiency levels and to investigate the
relationship between interlanguage pragmatics and grammatical competence.
For this study, 36 native Spanish speaking EFL learners at different
proficiency levels were asked to respond in English to 24 different situations
that called for the speech acts of request and apology. Results showed three
important aspects. The first finding suggested that basic adult learners
possess a pragmatic knowledge in their L1 that allows them to focus on the
intended meaning and, in most cases, to assemble an utterance that
conveys a pragmatic intention and satisfies the communicative demands of a
social situation. The second finding revealed that there are two essential
conditions to communicate a linguistic action: the knowledge of the relevant
linguistic rules and the knowledge of how to use them appropriately and
effectively in a specific context. The findings further suggested that
advanced learners possess the grammatical knowledge to produce an
illocutionary act, but they need to learn the specific L2 pragmatic conventions
that enable them to know when to use these grammatical forms and under
which circumstances.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: John Benjamins
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Pragmatics
Language Acquisition
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Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9789027285034
Prices: U.S. $ 143.00
Europe EURO 95.00
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9789027256188
Prices: U.K. £ 95
Europe EURO 100.70
U.S. $ 143.00