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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information

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Title: Imperatives and Commands
Written By: Chia-jung Pan
Series Title: Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory

This is the first cross-linguistic study of imperatives, and commands of
other kinds, across the world's languages. It makes a significant and
original contribution to the understanding of their morphological,
syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic characteristics. The author discusses
the role imperatives and commands play in human cognition and how they are
deployed in different cultures, and in doing so offers fresh insights on
patterns of human interaction and communication.

Alexandra Aikhenvald examines the ways of framing commands, or command
strategies, in languages that do not have special imperative forms. She
analyses the grammatical and semantic properties of positive and negative
imperatives and shows how these correlate with categories such as tense,
information source, and politeness. She looks at the relation of command
pragmatics to cultural practices, assessing, for example, the basis for
Margaret Mead's assumption that the harsher the people the more frequently
they use imperatives. Professor Aikhenvald covers a wide range of language
families, including many relatively neglected examples from North America,
Amazonia, and New Guinea. The book is accompanied by illustrations of some
conventional command signs.

Written and presented with the author's characteristic clarity, this book
will be welcomed by linguists of all theoretical persuasions. It will
appeal to social and cultural anthropologists and cognitive and behavioural

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Sociolinguistics
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0199207909
ISBN-13: 9780199207909
Pages: 520
Prices: U.K. £ 65.00