This is an introduction to Optimality Theory, whose central idea is that
surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between
competing constraints. The book does not limit its empirical scope to
phonological phenomena, but also contains chapters on the learnability of
OT grammars; OT's implications for syntax; and other issues such as
opacity. Exercises accompany chapters 1-7, and there are sections on
further reading. Optimality Theory will be welcomed by any linguist with a
basic knowledge of derivational Generative Phonology.
Preface; 1. Conflicts in grammars; 2. The typology of structural changes;
3. Syllable structure and economy; 4. Metrical structure and parallelism;
5. Correspondence in reduplication; 6. Output-to-output correspondence; 7.
Learning OT grammars; 8. Extensions to syntax; 9. Residual issues;
References; Index of languages; Index of subjects; Index of constraints.