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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics

By Asya Pereltsvaig and Martin W. Lewis

This book "asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology" and "defends traditional practices in historical linguistics while remaining open to new techniques, including computational methods" and "will appeal to readers interested in world history and world geography."


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Title: Transderivational Identity: Phonological Relations between Words
Written By: Laura Benua
Description:

This dissertation sets out a theory of phonology-morphology interaction consistent with parallelist Optimality Theory. The core idea is that word formation rules -- e.g., affixation of _cat_ to yield _cats_ -- are mirrored by an identity relation between the derived word and its base word. This phonological relation, which holds between two surface forms, is called output-to-output (OO) correspondence, and is conceived as part of the Correspondence Theory of faithfulness proposed by McCarthy & Prince (1995). Thus, like input-to-output (IO) faithfulness, OO-faithfulness is regulated by ranked and violable constraints in a monostratal grammar.
OO-faithfulness competes with IO-faithfulness (and with markedness constraints) in the optimization of pairs of related words, or subparadigms.

This theory is motivated by a class of cases in which identity of related words surpasses what is expected from shared underlying form.
In these cases, a derived word violates a phonotactic pattern to better resemble its base word -- e.g., _c"ond"ens'ation stresses its second syllable, and violates a constraint against stress clash, to achieve identity with its base _c"ond'ense_. Previous analyses of these patterns rely on serial ordering, allowing _c"ond'ense_ to serve as an intermediate stage in the derivation of _c"ond"ens'ation_.
OO-correspondence obviates serialism, explaining so-called "cyclic effects" as the product of constraint ranking in fully parallel derivation.

Publication Year: 2000
Publisher: Graduate Linguistic Students' Association, Umass
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
Phonology
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Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: N/A
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