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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: Modality, Aspect and Negation in Persian
Written By: Azita H. Taleghani
Series Title: Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 128

This monograph presents a morpho-syntactic investigation on modality,
aspect, and negation by concentrating on Persian, and is designed to
contribute to theoretical linguistics and the study of Iranian languages.
The analysis is based on the Minimalist program. This research challenges
the idea that the syntactic structure maps on the semantic interpretation
or vice versa. The discussion presented in this monograph shows that the
syntactic structure of Persian modals is uniform no matter if the modals
are interpreted as having root or epistemic readings. Although it is
claimed that modals are raising constructions in different languages,
modals in Persian, which does not have subject-raising constructions, show
a different syntactic behavior. Furthermore, the structural analysis of the
interaction of Persian modals and negation shows that because of the scope
interaction of negation and modals, the syntactic structure of modals with
respect to negation mostly corresponds to the semantic interpretation of

Publication Year: 2008
Publisher: John Benjamins
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories
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Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9789027255112
Prices: Europe EURO 105.00
U.S. $ 158.00