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New from Oxford University Press!


It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: Principles of Linguistic Change Volume II
Subtitle: Social Factors
Written By: William Labov

This volume presents the results of several decades of inquiry into the social origins and social motivation of linguistic change. It includes the first complete report on the Philadelphia project designed to establish the social location of the leaders of linguistic change. These findings are developed further on the basis of a broad range of sociolinguistic studies in the 1980s and 1990s, as well as the recently completed Atlas of North American English.

Successive chapters on social class, neighborhood, ethnicity, gender, and social networks delineate the leaders of linguistic change as women of the upper working class with a high density of interaction within their neighborhoods and a high proportion of weak ties outside of it. Detailed portraits of individual leaders show that the women who lead linguistic change are distinguished from others by their general pattern of deviation from established norms of conformity. Mathematical models are developed to account for the linear incrementation of change in progress, and the transmission of change across generations.

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Linguistic Field(s): Sociolinguistics
Subject Language(s): English
Language Family(ies): New English
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0631179151
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 592
Prices: U.K. £ 60.00
U.S. $ 82.95

Format: Paperback
ISBN: 063117916X
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 592
Prices: U.K. £ 19.99
U.S. $ 38.95