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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

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Title: Adverbial Constructions in the Languages of Europe
Edited By: Johan van der Auwera
Series Title: Empirical Approaches to Language Typology / EUROTY

The outcome of five years of collaborative research carried out within the European Science Foundation Programme in Language Typology (EUROTYP), this volume presents the first typological study about adverbials. It focuses on eight subjects, including word level entities (phasal adverbs, adverbial quantifiers, sentence adverbs), phrasal entities (equative and similative constructions), and clausal constructions (dependent versus independent adverbial clauses, converbs, adverbial subordinators, concessive conditionals). For each subject an attempt is made to study the phenomenon for as many European languages as possible as well as for a variety sample of twenty-three languages which is kept constant across all studies. All chapters are based on a wide range of data (specifically also questionnaire data); they are as parsimonious as possible with respect to descriptive means, and they offer five types of explanations (structural, semantic, functional, genetic, areal). The general goals are twofold: (i) to formulate 'Euroversals', properties holding for all European languages, which are thus also potential Universals, (ii) to check the hypothesis of the 'Standard Average European' Sprachbund. The Euro-to-Universalist goal is further served by an in-depth comparison of the European languages with Chinese, Japanese, Khmer, Thai, and Vietnamese. The main general conclusion with respect to 'Standard Average European' is that of the eight adverbial subjects treated in the book, five offer strong support and, moreover, allow us to make the notion of 'Standard Average European' more precise than has hitherto been the case.

Publication Year: 1998
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
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Linguistic Field(s): Syntax
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 3110157462
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 852pp
Prices: DM 358,-/298,-*/ 118,-**, Appr