This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.
English Language Teaching in its Social Context offers the reader sociolinguistic, ethnographic, and social-psychological perspectives on TESOL teaching and learning. In addition to this, it introduces the student to the relevant literature on second language acquisition. Together with its companion volumes, English Language Teaching in its Social Context presents English language teaching in a variety of specific institutional, geographic and cultural contexts. The articles included have been carefully chosen to present four major principles of English language teaching: * the roles played by teachers and learners * the individuality of language learners * the provision of active guidance for students' learning * the positive and negative patterns of interaction between learners and teachers. This Reader offers people unfamiliar with research in this field an overall impression of English language teaching issues while allowing the more experienced reader the opportunity to relate his or her own experiences to the theories presented.