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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: Sentence Comprehension: The Integration of Habits and Rules
Written By: Thomas G. Bever
David J. Townsend
Series Title: Language, Speech, and Communication

Using sentence comprehension as a case study for all of cognitive science, David Townsend and Thomas Bever offer an integration of two major approaches, the symbolic-computational and the associative-connectionist. The symbolic-computational approach emphasizes the formal manipulation of symbols that underlies creative aspects of language behavior. The associative-connectionist approach captures the intuition that most behaviors consist of accumulated habits. The authors argue that the sentence is the natural level at which associative and symbolic information merge during comprehension.

The authors develop and support an analysis-by-synthesis model that integrates associative and symbolic information in sentence comprehension. This integration resolves problems each approach faces when considered independently. The authors review classic and contemporary symbolic and associative theories of sentence comprehension, and show how recent developments in syntactic theory fit well with the integrated analysis-by-synthesis model. They offer analytic, experimental, and neurological evidence for their model and discuss its implications for broader issues in cognitive science, including the logical necessity of an integration of symbolic and connectionist approaches in the field.

David J. Townsend is Cognitive Science Coordinator, Department of
Psychology, Montclair State University, New Jersey. Thomas G. Bever is
Chair of the Linguistics Department at the University of Arizona.

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher: MIT Press
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Computational Linguistics
Cognitive Science
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 0262700808
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 368

Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0262201321
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 368