LINGUIST List 9.1132

Tue Aug 11 1998

Qs: Chinese, Universals, Nominals, Phonemes

Editor for this issue: Martin Jacobsen <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.


  1. Professor Shu-ing Shyu, Stress of Chinese _dou_ 'all'
  2. Dana Allen, Language Universals and Typology
  3. moubtassime, Derived Nominals
  4. WOMENinTEC, Contrastive Analysis

Message 1: Stress of Chinese _dou_ 'all'

Date: Tue, 11 Aug 1998 13:37:56 +0200
From: Professor Shu-ing Shyu <>
Subject: Stress of Chinese _dou_ 'all'

I would like to know if Chinese can distinguish regular _dou_ reading
from _dou_ in _lian...dou_ sentences by using different stresses on

Q1. Do Chinese speakers agree that _dou_ 'all' in _lian...dou_
'including...all' structure is not stressed at all, while regular
quantificational _dou_ is stressed, being pronounced fully, with a
"fullfleged first tone"? (Can you stress _dou_ in _lian...dou_

Q2. Can you disambiguate (1) by putting different pitches of accents,
as the intended readings in (1a) and (1b)?

(1) Zhangsan zhei-xie shu dou/DOU mai le
 (a) dou: "Zhangsan even bought THESE books.'
 (b) DOU: 'Zhangsan bought all the books."

If there are enough replies, I will post a summary. Thank you all
very much for your help.

- --------------------------------------------------------------
Dr. Shu-ing Ingrid Shyu
Department of Foreign Languages and Literature
National Sun Yat-Sen University
Kaohsiung, Taiwan 804
Republic of China

PHONE: 886-7-525-2000 ext. 3152
FAX: 886-7-525-3200, 5253201
- --------------------------------------------------------------
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 2: Language Universals and Typology

Date: Tue, 11 Aug 1998 09:40:57 +0100
From: Dana Allen <>
Subject: Language Universals and Typology

Hey everyone, I recently sent out an email regarding the Old Spanish
sibilants and according to responses I've received, it appears that I
must explain more clearly what I want. For a part of my thesis, I am
researching the areas of language universal and language typology. I
would like to know if anyone has any suggestions on good general books
on language universals and typology AND suggestions for specific
material in language universals and typology AS IT PERTAINS to the
sibilant/fricative, in general, in any or all languages. The
information on the sibilant/fricative doesn't necessarily have to be
specific to the Spanish language. Sorry for the confusion. I look
forward to your responses. Sincerely, Dana Allen
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 3: Derived Nominals

Date: Tue, 11 Aug 1998 11:09:01 +0000
From: moubtassime <>
Subject: Derived Nominals

I am a Moroccan linguist enrolled in a Ph.D dissertation on the
Morpho-syntax of Derived Nominals. The major source of my data is
Standard Arabic. However, I am also interested in other natural
languages. If you know of other references, please do send me pieces
of information so that I could go on with my Ph.D thesis. Another help
could do me alot is that of the possibility of having access to a
source of a dadabase so that I could compile references for my
bibliography. Another quick hint of help from all linguistlist members
is a number of links to online references on the net. many thanks!

P.S. Please visit my site through
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 4: Contrastive Analysis

Date: Tue, 11 Aug 1998 09:13:54 EDT
From: WOMENinTEC <>
Subject: Contrastive Analysis

Hi. I have to write a paper for a linguistics class on constrastive
analysis or phonemic representation of Polish, Croatian, Spanish
languages. This paper will also help my instructors teach these
students. I was wondering if any TESL-L members could help me find
information on the differences of these languages. Thanks for any

Tommy McDonell
Executive Director
Learning English Adult Program, Inc.
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue