LINGUIST List 8.1527

Sun Oct 26 1997

Sum: 8.1492 Terminology

Editor for this issue: Martin Jacobsen <>


  1. Mark Mandel, Summary: 8.1492 Terminology

Message 1: Summary: 8.1492 Terminology

Date: Fri, 24 Oct 1997 16:45:43 -0500
From: Mark Mandel <>
Subject: Summary: 8.1492 Terminology

In LINGUIST #8.1492 I asked:
 Is there a term for words like "Mr." and "Dr." besides "title"
 or "honorific"? 

Gregory Ward <,>
Nancy Frishberg <>
Chad D Nilep <,> 
 all suggested "term of address"

Nancy added:
 Remind me to tell you about Bali sometime, where there are 
 only 4 first names, which tell your birth order (1, 2, 3, 4, 
 5=1, 6=2, etc.), same for both genders. For some high caste 
 folks there is an honorific or term of address that 
 essentially is part of their name. 

Chad also suggested "title of address." 

J Kingston Cowart <> suggested "appelation".

My thanks to all of them.


I may not have been clear enough. I was thinking of terms in 
English (and in other languages with comparable constructions) 
that fit into the TITLE slot in the template

"Term of address", it seems to me, would also include "sir", which
fits the template only in a "feudal" use (Sir Paarfi of Roundwood) but
is frequently used in address ("Excuse me, sir, is this your
orangutan?"; "No excuse, sir!"); "ma'am", which doesn't fit at all;
and for that matter "Mac" ("Hey, Mac, which way to St.
Ives?"). "Appelation" ("a name, title, or designation" -- Am.
Herit. Dict.) is accurate but too broad. "Title of address" is a good

 Mark A. Mandel : Senior Linguist : 
 Dragon Systems, Inc. : speech recognition : +1 617 965-5200 
 320 Nevada St., Newton, MA 02160, USA :
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