LINGUIST List 6.174

Thu 09 Feb 1995

Sum: French prefixes, Central Asian chickens

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  1. Pascale Amozig, French prefixes
  2. "Dr R.M. Blench", Summary: Central Asian chickens

Message 1: French prefixes

Date: Mon, 6 Feb 95 09:47:42 ISTFrench prefixes
From: Pascale Amozig <>
Subject: French prefixes

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Four weeks ago I posted a query about French prefixes. Thanks to
Beth Levin
Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy
Mark Verhijde
Laurie Bauer
Michael D. Picone
Here are some of the references I received:

Michael D. Picone, L'impulsion synthetique, in Le Francais Moderne, vol.49,
pp. 148-163, December 1991.

Darmsteter, Arsene, Formation des mots composes en francais, Paris.

Corbin, Danielle (1987), Morphologie derivationnelle et structuration du lexique
 Tuebingen, Niemeyer, 2 vols.

Franckel, J.-J. and D. Lebaud (1991), Diversite des valeurs et invariance du
fonctionnement de en preposition et preverbe, Langue Francaise 91, 56-79.

Labelle, M. (1992), La structure argumentale des verbes locatifs a base
 nominale, Lingvinsticae Investigationes 16, 267-314.
Olsen, M.B. (1993), Aspectual Marking and English "Verb-Forming" Prefixes,
Console 1, 201-219.

Reinheimer-Ripeanu, s. (1974), Les derives parasynthetiques dans les langues
 romanes (roumain, italien, francais, espagnol), Mouton, The Hague.

Scalise, S (1988), The notion of "head" in Morphology, in G. Booij and J. Van
Marle, eds., Yearbook of Morphology, Foris, Dordrecht, 229-245.

Zwanenburg, W. (1992), Morphological Heads, French "Compounding" and Germanic
"Prefixation", in C.Laeufer and T.A.Morgan, eds., Theoratical Analyses in
 Romance Linguistics, Benjamins, Amsterdam, 167-179.

Johnson, Wyn (1987), Lexical Levels in French Phonology, in Linguistics,
25, 889-913.

Corbin, Danielle (1988), Form, Structure and Meaning of constructured words in
 an associative and stratified lexical component, in Geert Booij, Jaap Van Marle
(eds.), Yearbook of Morphology 2, 31-54, Foris.

Tranel, Bernard (1975), A generative treatment of the prefix [in-] of Modern
French, in Language 52-2, 345-369.

Walker, Douglas C. (1975), Lexical Stratification in French Phonology, in
Lingua 37, 177-196.

I choose mostly the articles about French and more particularly French verbs,

Pascale Amozig
Tovna Translation Machines, Jerusalem, Israel.
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Message 2: Summary: Central Asian chickens

Date: Wed, 8 Feb 1995 14:40:05 +Summary: Central Asian chickens
From: "Dr R.M. Blench" <>
Subject: Summary: Central Asian chickens

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Chickens across Asia: summary.

I had a number of replies to my query about chicken names in Central Asia,
some of which were especially productive (and some rather frivolous). Many
thanks to everyone and special thanks to Reinhard Hahn.=20

The paper that started us chasing this hare is;=20

West, B. and Zhou, B-X. 1988. =91Did chickens go north? New Evidence for
domestication. Journal of Archaeological Science, 15:515-533.=20

This points out that there are domestic chicken bones in S. China as early
as 6000 B.C. and that these must have come from the Burmese jungle fowl
which was thus domesticated a little earlier in what are now the Shan
states. The chicken would then have spread across central Asia somehow and
only looped back into India later. It actually hit early north Neolithic
Europe ca. 3000 B.C.=20

There are some very suggestive pieces of evidence, in particular a lexeme
that appears to spread all the way from Korea to Lake Chad. There is also
some cultural evidence, starting with chickens atop shamans=92 poles in
Mongolia and ending with the weathercock on the English country church.=20

Since then, by a remarkable coincidence, a paper has been published giving
DNA evidence for this hypothesis. This proposes the wild jungle-fowl of N.
Thailand as the ancestor of our domestic chicken.=20

So this looks like an excellent case for the archaeological/linguistic and
DNA evidence coming together.=20

I am still looking for help with chicken names, in case there are further
volunteers. In particular, there are deficits in the area of Indo-Iranian
(of the CIS) and Uralic languages. The words are;=20

chicken/hen cock/rooster chick Thanks again

Roger Blench
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