LINGUIST List 5.1221

Thu 03 Nov 1994

Sum: Quaker languages

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  1. , summary of Quaker language

Message 1: summary of Quaker language

Date: Wed, 02 Nov 1994 14:10:30 summary of Quaker language
From: <>
Subject: summary of Quaker language

First of all, I'd like to thank all those who sent messages, ideas, sources,
etc.I was surprised at the number of "Quaker Linguists", of which I append
a list for the benefit thereof:

 If I've left someone out, please excuse me, and write and tell me so. I
would love to have more anecdotes, quotes, discussion, etc.
 The following persons suggested sources, the most frequent of which was
that of Richard Bauman's (1983)-Let Your Words Be Few: Symbolism of Speaking
and Silence Among 17th Century Quakers-(Cambridge:,C.U.P.). This is the
source that got me started on my present study. Keith Walters tells me Prof.
Bauman is presently at Indiana University. He will presently be hearing from
me. Keith Walters also told me about two Quaker listservers, Quaker-L and
things that open up new avenues of research for me.
 Barbara Birch is sending me her upcoming article in the International Journal
of the Sociology of Language, "Quaker plain speech: a policy of linguistic
 Alan Davies told me about his chapter in -Styles of Discourse-(1988),
N. Coupland, ed (Croom Helm), titled "Talking in Silence: Ministry in Quaker
Meetings for worship."
 Richard Ogden wrote from York, England (where Quakerism got its start), to
point out some of the differences between the speech of British and American
Friends, amongst other things.
 Ron Sutherland mentioned Regna Darnell's (1970) article, "The second person
singular pronoun in English: The Society of Friends," in Western Canadian
Journal of Anthropology.
 Geert Craps offerred the following sources:
Algermissen, K. (1986) "Quaker" in Buchberger, Hoefer & Rahner (eds):
 Lexikon fuer Theologie und Kirche-Freiburg: Herder Verlag 8,cols 912-12.

Bauman, R. (1970). "Aspects of 17th c. Quaker rhetoric" in Quarterly Journal
of Speech, 56:1/67-74.

Wales, K.M. (1983). "'Thou' and 'you'in early modern English: Brown and
Gilman re-appraised." Studia Linguistica 37:2/107-125.

Brown, R.W. and Gilman, A. (1960). "The pronouns of power and solidarity"
in T.A. Sebeok"s -Style in Language (Cambridge:MIT Press).

Harold Schiffman, amongst other gems, gave me:
Bauman, R. "Speaking in the Light: The Role of the Quaker Minister" in
Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking, Bauman and Sherzer, eds.

Other sources I've found include:

Shipley, Elizabeth, F. (1991). "Farewell to 'thee'" in Napoli, Jo & Kegl (eds)
-Bridges Between Psychology and Linguistics.

Shipley, Elizabeth F. & Thomas E. Shipley, Jr. (1969). "Quaker children's
use of 'thee': a relational analysis." Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal
Behavior 8:112-117.

Tibbals, Kate W. (1926). "The speech of plain Friends: a preliminary survey"
-American Speech 1:4/193-209.

 That being the state of the Messages at this time, I thank thee, and
depart, unwillingly. Candace Zhang
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