Editor's Note: This is a new edition of a
previously announced book.
Middle Egyptian introduces the reader to the
writing system of ancient Egypt and the
language of hieroglyphic texts. It contains
twenty-six lessons, exercises (with answers), a
list of hieroglyphic signs, and a dictionary.
It also includes a series of twenty-six essays
on the most important aspects of ancient
Egyptian history, society, religion,
literature, and language. Grammar lessons and
cultural essays allows users not only to read
hieroglyphic texts but also to understand them,
providing the foundation for understanding
texts on monuments and reading great works of
ancient Egyptian literature. This third edition
is revised and reorganized, particularly in its
approach to the verbal system, based on recent
advances in understanding the language.
Illustrations enhance the discussions, and an
index of references has been added. These
changes and additions provide a complete and
up-to-date grammatical description of the
classical language of ancient Egypt for
specialists in linguistics and other
Lesson 1. Language and writing; Essay 1.
Ancient Egyptian history;
Lesson 2. Unliteral signs; Essay 2. Ancient
Lesson 3. Multiliteral signs; Essay 3. Ancient
Lesson 4. Nouns; Essay 4. The gods;
Lesson 5. Pronouns; Essay 5. The gods on
Lesson 6. Adjectives; Essay 6. The king's
Lesson 7. Adjectival and nominal sentences;
Essay 7. Human nature;
Lesson 8. Prepositions and adverbs; Essay 8.
Death and the afterlife;
Lesson 9. Numbers; Essay 9. Egyptian
Lesson 10. Adverbial sentences; Essay 10.
Lesson 11. Non-verbal sentences; Essay 11. The
world before creation;
Lesson 12. Verbs; Essay 12. The creation of the
Lesson 13. The infinitival forms; Essay 13. The
Lesson 14. The pseudo-verbal construction;
Essay 14. The Memphite theology;
Lesson 15. The imperative and particles; Essay
15. The creator;
Lesson 16. The stative; Essay 16. Heresy;
Lesson 17. The sdm.n.f; Essay 17. Phonology and
Lesson 18. The sdm.f; Essay 18. Egyptian
Lesson 19. The other forms of the suffix
conjugation; Essay 19. Middle Egyptian wisdom
Lesson 20. Adverb clauses; Essay 20. Middle
Lesson 21. Noun clauses; Essay 21. Historical
Lesson 22. Relative clauses; Essay 22.
Lesson 23. The active participle; Essay 23.
Hymns and poetry;
Lesson 24. The passive participle; Essay 24.
Lesson 25. Emphatic sentences; Essay 25.
Lesson 26. Middle Egyptian grammar; Essay 26.
Where to go from here;
Answers to the exercises.
Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics