From: Mark Brenchley <schlemihlgmail.com>
Subject: Relationship Between Spoken and Written Grammar
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Query for this summary posted in LINGUIST Issue:
Two months back, I submitted a query to The LINGUIST List,
requesting information on the relationship between speech and writing.
Unsurprisingly, responses from The LINGUIST List were swift, allowing
me to put together a small but useful bibliography of texts. That
bibliography is detailed below, and the texts are sorted below
according to subject: 1.) Texts on Spoken Language, 2.) Texts on
Spoken and Written Language, and 3.) Texts on Written Language.
1.) Texts on Spoken Language:
Aijmer, K. (1996) Conversational Routines in English - Covention and
Creativity. London: Longman.
Brazil, D. (1995) A Grammar of Speech. Oxford: OUP.
Brown, G. (1977) Listening to Spoken English. London: Longman.
Brown, G. (1996) Speakers, Listeners & Communication - Explorations
in Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: CUP.
Bublitz, W. (1988) Supportive Fellow-Speakers and Cooperative
Conversations. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Carter, R. & McCarthy, M. (1997) Exploring Spoken English.
Coulmas, R. (1981) Conversational Routine - Explorations in Standard
Communication Situations and Prepatterned Speech. Den Haag:
Miller, J. & Weinert, R. (1998) Spontaneous Spoken Language: Syntax
and Discourse. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, QCA (2004) An Introduction to
the Grammar of Talk. London: QCA.
2.) Texts on Spoken and Written Language:
Aijmer, K. (2004) Discourse Patterns in Spoken and Written Corpora.
Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Biber, D. (1988) Variation Across Speech and Writing. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Biber, D. (1995) Dimensions of Register Variation. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Biber, D. & Finegan, E. (1989) Drift and the Evolution of English Style -
A History of Three Genres. Language 65(3); pp 487-517.
Biber, D. & Finegan, E. (1994) Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Register.
Biber, D., Conrad, S. & Reppen, R. (1998) Register Variation and
English for Specific Purposes, in Corpus Linguistics: Investigating
Language Structure & Use. Cambridge: CUP; pp 135-171.
Biber, D., Finegan, E., Johansson, S., Conrad, S. & Leech, G. (1999)
Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.
Chafe, W. (1982) Integration and Involvement in Speaking, Writing and
Literature. in Tannen, D. (ed) Spoken and Written Language: Exploring
Orality and Literacy. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Chafe, W. (1994) Discourse, Consciousness and Time: The Flow and
Displacement of Conscious Experience in Speaking and Writing.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Halliday, M. K. A. (1985) Spoken & Written Language. Geelong: Deakin
Myhill, D. (2009) From Talking to Writing: Linguistic Development in
Writing. British Journal of Educational Psychology Monograph Series II
(6); pp 27-44.
Quirke et al. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English
Language. London: Longman.
Scholes, R. J. (1993) Literacy and Language Analysis. Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Spolsky, B. & Hult, F. M. (2010) The Handbook of Educational
Linguistics. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Tannen, D. (1982) Spoken and Written Language: Exploring Orality
and Literacy. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Tannen, D. (1986) Languages and Linguistics - The Interdependence
of Theory, Data, and Application. Georgetown University Press.
3.) Texts on Written Language:
Haegeman, L. (1987) Register Variation in English - Some Theoretical
Observations. Journal of English Linguistics 20; pp 230-248.
Haegeman, L. (1987) Complexity and Literary Prose - Some
Suggestions for Formalization. Language and Style 20; pp 214-222.
Haegeman, L. (2006) Subject Omission in Present-Day Written English
- On The Theoretical Relevance of Peripheral Data. Revista di
Grammatica Generativa 31.
Kaur, M. (in press) Syntactical Analysis of Learner Corpus.
Knoch, U. (2010) Diagnostic Writing Assessment. Oxford: Peter Lang.
Linell, P. (2005) The Written Language Bias in Linguistics. Oxon:
Massey, A. J. & Elliott, G. L. (1996) Aspects of Writing in 16+ English
Examinations between 1980 and 1994. Cambridge: University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.
Myhill, D. (2008) Towards a Linguistic Model of Sentence Development
in Writing Language & Education 22(5); pp 271-288.
Olson, D. R. (1985) Literacy, Language,and Learning: The Nature and
Consequences of Reading and Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge
Pontecorvo, C. (1997) Writing Development. Amsterdam, Philadelphia:
Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, QCA (1999) Improving Writing.
Verhoeven, L. (1994) Functional Literacy: Theoretical Issues and
Educational Implications. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Overall, there does not appear to be much contemporary research into
the developing relationship between speech and writing within
education, though Debra Myhill at Exeter is an exception. I also note
that one of the respondees, Katharina Schwabl, is about to start a PhD
at the University of Graz into preschool knowledge of linguistic variation
between spoken and written language. Manvender Kaur has also
supplied an interesting paper offering an intuitive analysis of corpora
using part-of-speech tagging, which may prove useful.
Many thanks to all those who took the time to reply to my query. In
particular, I would like to say thank you to the following individuals:
Chris Cleirigh, Bruce D. Despain, Zenzi M. Griffin, Hilary Franklin,
Liliane Haegeman, Manvender Kaur, Natalia Kotsyba, James Li, Philip
McCarthy, Chad D. Nilep, Cornelia Pareskevas, Aleyz Rouchdy, Doris
Schonefeld, Thorsten Schroter, Katharina Schwabl, and William
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