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LINGUIST List 20.838

Thu Mar 12 2009

Books: Historical Ling/Psycholing/Socioling/Typology: Gómez Rendón

Editor for this issue: Fatemeh Abdollahi <fatemehlinguistlist.org>

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        1.    Parcival von Schmid, Typological and social constraints on language contact: Gómez Rendón

Message 1: Typological and social constraints on language contact: Gómez Rendón
Date: 07-Mar-2009
From: Parcival von Schmid <lotuu.nl>
Subject: Typological and social constraints on language contact: Gómez Rendón
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Title: Typological and social constraints on language contact
Subtitle: Amerindian languages in contact with Spanish
Series Title: LOT Dissertation Series 188
Published: 2008
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke - LOT

Author: Jorge Gómez Rendón
Paperback: ISBN: 9789078328629 Pages: 555 Price: Europe EURO 38.00 Comment: two volumes

This study investigates the influence of social and linguistic constraints
on language contact through the analysis of linguistic borrowing from
Spanish in three indigenous languages of the Americas (Ecuadorian Quechua,
Paraguayan Guaraní and Mexican Otomí). An extensive corpus for each
language was collected and processed in search of loanwords and function
words from Spanish. The analysis of the corpora was developed in the
framework of the parts-of-speech theory and linguistic typology. In this
way the study meets the requirements of a solid empirical foundation and a
theory-driven approach.

After an evaluation of the fundamental concepts of language contact, the
author proposes a multi-level model of causation to explain contact-induced
language change, in which linguistic and nonlinguistic factors interact
with each other. The model serves as a point of departure to explain the
interplay of social and linguistic constraints on borrowing. To support the
language specific analysis, an extensive description of the recipient
languages is provided in terms of their historical development,
sociolinguistic situation, dialectal variation and typological profile.

The study confirms the dynamic nature of the causation model of contact
induced language change and the need to include specific typological,
sociolinguistic and historical criteria in any evaluation of scales of
borrowing and hierarchies of borrowability. Still, the major finding of the
study is that not everything goes in linguistic borrowing: the outcomes are
determined by the structural limits of the recipient languages and the
resistance of basic typological parameters to change in contact situations.

The study provides a new insight into the relation between linguistic
borrowing, language typology and bilingualism, and therefore is of interest
to typologists, sociolinguists, psycholinguists and those students of
language contact and Amerindian languages.

Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
                            Text/Corpus Linguistics

Subject Language(s): Spanish (spa)

Written In: English (eng )

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