From: Michele Stewart <michele_stewartcwjamaica.com>
Subject: Quantification in Jamaican Creole: The syntax and semantics of evri ('every') in interaction with indefinites
Institution: University of the West Indies at Mona
Program: Department of Language, Linguistics & Philosophy
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2006
Author: Michele Marie Stewart
Dissertation Title: Quantification in Jamaican Creole: The syntax and semantics of evri ('every') in interaction with indefinites
Subject Language(s): Jamaican Creole English (jam)
In this dissertation, I show that existing scopal accounts of the
interpretative possibilities associated with quantificational interaction
do not explain the empirical facts in Jamaican Creole (JC), as revealed by
fieldwork which I conducted. Moreover, I show that the forms on which this
study focuses, the JC universal evri and the indefinites wan and som, do
not display the same behaviour as their English counterparts 'every',
'a(n)' and 'some'.
I suggest that the key to a unified solution for these phenomena lies in
the expression of number in JC with the possibilities which event structure
makes available. I argue for an articulated functional structure above the
NP which houses the functions associated with the individuation of nouns
and with number specification. These functions which, I show, derive the
different interpretations of JC evri in interaction with indefinites, are
not specific or restricted to this purpose. I show them to be necessary for
any plural individual interpretation, and to apply also to the analysis of
My proposed analysis means that there is no need to call on movement
operations to account for the JC data. Instead, the interpretations are
derived from the phrase structure and from event structure.
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