Date: 12-Nov-2006 From: Joyce Reid <jreidcup.org> Subject: A Grammar of Tariana, from Northwest Amazonia: Aikhenvald
Title: A Grammar of Tariana, from Northwest Amazonia
Series Title: Cambridge Grammatical Descriptions
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
Paperback: ISBN: 0521028868 Pages: 729 Price: U.K. £ 40.00
Paperback: ISBN: 0521028868 Pages: 729 Price: U.S. $ 70.00
This is a comprehensive reference grammar of Tariana, an endangered Arawak language from a remote region in the northwest Amazonian jungle. Its speakers traditionally marry someone speaking a different language, and as a result most people are fluent in five or six languages. Because of this rampant multilingualism, Tariana combines a number of features inherited from the protolanguage with properties diffused from neighbouring but unrelated Tucanoan languages. Typologically unusual features of the language include: an array of classifiers independent of genders, complex serial verbs, case marking depending on the topicality of a noun, and double marking of case and of number. Tariana has obligatory evidentiality: every sentence contains a special element indicating whether the information was seen, heard, or inferred by the speaker, or whether the speaker acquired it from somebody else. This grammar will be a valuable source-book for linguists and others interested in natural languages.
List of tables, schemes and diagrams; Preface; Acknowledgements; Organisation and cross-referencing; List of abbreviations; Map; 1. The language and its speakers; 2. Phonology; 3. Word classes; 4. Nominal morphology and noun structure; 5. Noun classes and classifiers; 6. Possession; 7. Case marking and grammatical relations; 8. Number; 9. Further nominal categories; 10. Derivation and compounding; 11. Closed word classes; 12. Verb classes and predicate structure; 13. Valency changing and argument rearranging mechanisms; 14. Tense and evidentiality; 15. Aspect, Aktionsart and degree; 16. Mood and modality; 17. Negation; 18. Serial verb constructions and verb compounding; 19. Complex predicates; 20. Participles and nominalisations; 21. Clause types and other syntactic issues; 22. Subordinate clauses and clause linking; 23. Relative clauses; 24. Complement clauses; 25. Discourse organisation; 26. Issues in etymology and semantics; Appendix; Texts; Vocabulary; References; Index.